URINE NITRITES TEST INFORMATION
Healthy children have sterile urinary system. Detection of nitrites in the urine indicates that a bacterial infection is present in the urinary tract. Usually, this is called a urinary tract infection. Unlike leukocytes, which can also indicate inflammation in the genital area, nitrites are formed by conversion from nitrates under the influence of mainly specific microorganisms that cause infections of the urinary system. Therefore, the detection of nitrites in the urine always requires the advice of a doctor.
URINE KETONES TEST INFORMATION
The formation of ketones is associated with the breakdown of fat by the body to generate energy instead of glucose. Ketones, normally, are not found in urine. What can the result of a urinalysis with a deviation from the norm mean? Obtaining an abnormal result can characterize an unbalanced diet, a diet low in carbohydrates, excessive intake of fats and proteins, diabetes, immune disorders or liver diseases. For example, an excess of meat complementary foods with a relative lack of cereals can also lead to the production of ketone bodies. It should also be remembered that for children the ability to digest fats is reduced, so an acetonemic attack can occur after one meal with a high fat content.
URINE GLUCOSE TEST INFORMATION
The presence of glucose in the urine is called glycosuria. Glucose is usually absent in urine. If the presence of glucose is detected, further studies are needed. What can the result of a urinalysis with a deviation from the norm mean? Obtaining a result with a deviation from the norm may be associated with an increased intake of carbohydrates or serve as a sign of diabetes, kidney and infectious diseases. Glucose can also appear in the urine due to side effects of medicine or poisoning.
URINE Ph LEVEL TEST INFORMATION
The acidity of urine, which is judged by the pH value, is closely related to the state of acid-base balance. Typically, the pH of urine ranges from 5.0 to 7.0 and depends on the age of the child and the type of food. For example, the introduction and predominance of vegetable complementary foods and fruits makes the urine reaction more alkaline, the predominance of meat and sour milk supplements makes the urine reaction more acidic. Urine pH may vary depending on diet, fluid intake, and current health status. In inflammatory diseases of the bladder, urine can be alkaline due to enzymatic processes. If you receive a urine result with a deviation in pH from the norm, you should inform your doctor and, with the exception of diseases, keep the pH under control as a marker of your baby’s reaction to nutrition.